留学生作业Conclusion写作的几大要点

不管留学生写什么样的论文作业,最后的结论一定要强调完善。作为论文的最后一部分,结论需要客观地表达论文的研究成果或原则。需要网课代修
那么现在我们就好好谈谈论文结论的要点:
作为论文最后一段,结语是作者最后的Investigation, experiment, inference, result, discussion~
在此基础上,总结了本文的学术观点,展望了今后的研究工作,并对全文进行了总结。很多留学生把结果和结论混为一谈,
总之,结果是本文所描述的研究工作中发现的现象和数据,结论是对研究结果和学术成果的定性和总结。
例如,对某一区域内的干热面店进行数据挖掘,编写并计算相关干热面关联规则的置信度和满足结果支持度的空间分布规律,

结语部分描述了该地区居民喜欢吃干热面条等。
在结语部分,我们应该陈述论文研究工作中最重要的观点和结论,不要简单地总结论文主体中提出的成果和观点,
特别是严禁直接复制粘贴上一篇论文的内容。结论部分的学术观点需要在更高的抽象层次上解释研究工作的发现,
说明文章是否或在多大程度上成功地满足了导言中所述的要求和目标。
同时,结语部分不仅要关注论文本身(Paying attention to oneself is the most important thing, not just repeating the research work of the paper)。
有必要向读者展示本文的发现对他们意味着什么,以便教授对结论感兴趣并印象深刻。在结论部分,我们需要对本文的研究工作进行展望,
也就是说,考虑到本文所提到的问题,我们今后应该继续研究和研究方向。如果研究工作包括作者的研究计划,
然后我们可以指出作者的研究计划(“In the next few months, we will。。”)或向读者发出继续研究工作的邀请(“The remaining question is。。”)。
如果论文包含的摘要信息充分,导言结构良好,则无需在结论中重复摘要和导言。
许多留学小白在写作初期都会遇到一个很大的漏洞,那就是在论文面前重述工作和内容。相反,结语部分着重论述了本文研究工作中发现的论据,包括发现论据的意义。
不要害怕写一个简短的结论:如果你能从上一篇文章中得到一个简短的结论,在文章的主体部分给出一个丰富的讨论,那么就这样做吧。

换句话说,不要把一个更长的结论误认为是一个更令人印象深刻的结论。要自觉抵制重复总结和引言的诱惑(不要重复这两部分),只能使结论显得冗长,给读者留下不好的印象。
常见的句型如下:Inthis paper, a rule extraction model based on rough fuzzy sets is establishedfor extracting spatial fuzzy decision rules in an FDIS.

Inthis work, we have proposed a method that analyzes traffic patterns and detectirregular events.
Wepresented a new approach that adds value to existing methods of Lagrangiananalysis (Griffa et al., 2007)
and helps the user to discover and visualizehidden patterns and regularities in the results of measurements and numericalmodels.
Thispaper proposes a framework for mining inter transaction association rules overocean science data to find salinity/temperature patterns.
Thepaper concludes by arguing…Thefindings of this study can be understood as…Concludingthe above discussion, we may state the following…Insummary,
this paper argued that…

Tip:Conclusion最好不要在这一段中显示图表和其他内容。2)解释结论以实验/调查等证据为依据,简要说明并落实本文研究工作的论点和结论。
结论必须符合全文逻辑,内容与导论内容和所承诺的研究目标相一致。

主要内容是简要说明声明的结论:
Forthis purpose, we used spatial-temporal association rules and multi-leveldirected graphs,
which have proven to be a promising choice for this kind oftask. We developed methods and algorithms for the analysis and mining ofmulti-level directed graphs.
Theproposed approach searches the lattice utilizing a heuristic approach byimposing an interestingness constraint to detect the most associated itemsequences.
The proposed approach does not require a pruning step.Tothe best of our knowledge, temporal mining techniques have not been used forevent recognition in dynamic scenes.
We first discover frequent temporalpatterns and use Allen’s temporal relations for representation.

3)展望了未来的研究方向,至少提出了正式的研究建议。
如果结论部分有展望和建议,就必须按照炉温前面提供的数据和结论,使展望和建议看起来合乎逻辑,而不是用文字来完成对研究工作的展望和建议。
或者笔者认为前景和建议是好的,但事实上,整篇论文并没有提供佐证。而且,如果结论的前景和建议与整篇论文的观点相矛盾,那将是令人尴尬的。
论文的每一部分都不应与全文的主要期望和观点相冲突。有时,作者需要重新梳理整篇论文,包括写作风格等。

Asa future work, the proposed algorithm can be modified to find the patterns thatare ‘favorable’ at some degree and to discover the rare rules as well.
Futureextensions of the COGAR framework will address…
Inthe future, we plan to improve the method by investigating proper measures ofinterestingness (e.g. Pruning conditions for the rule space)
and the issue ofrobustness (e.g. techniques for handling approximated spatial relations).
Futurework includes investigating whether a fuzzy event identification method can beused to enhance the mining efficiency.
Futurework includes investigating whether a fuzzy event identification method can beused to enhance the mining efficiency.
Thisis very much the key component in future attempts to overcome…

4)当结论前后所有内容顺利衔接时,逻辑一致性,
本文可以实现优美的结尾。整篇论文的逻辑应该是一致的,陈述应该是一致的,不互相矛盾,不切题,
特别是要检查Introduction、Methods、Results、Discussion等论文前段是否与Conclusion不符。
谨防复制从论文的前部分逐字重复一些内容到Conclusion中,这可能会令读者(编辑和审稿人)厌烦,甚至造成本来可以避免的错误和损失。
例如以下这个前后呼应的好实例:Introduction…Implicitspatial information in medical images is highly critical for interpretation ofthe image,
and association rules mined from medical images will aid us inconcluding to an interesting spatial relationship existing between thestructures existing in images.…
ConclusionInthis paper, the concept of fuzzy spatial relationship and association rulemining is extended to medical images. As per the design of the system,
themedical image is segmented to identify the anatomical structures as well as thespatial location.
如果按粗略一点划分,最后那一段其实主要可以分为Conclusion和Future Work两部分,因此有的论文直接用“Conclusionand Future Work”或“Conclusionand …”为标题结束全篇。
以上是对结语写作要点的说明。论文的结论是基于逻辑推理的,所以基本上没有问题。我们需要做的只是如何去表达出它,让它为整篇文章增添异彩·~

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